The Winter Solstice will occur at 6:04 AM Sunday. The term solstice is derived from the Latin word solstitium, where sol, means sun and stitium means stationary or stoppage. Around both the Summer and Winter Solstice the Sun tends to rise and set in the same spot for a few days, giving rise to the concept of a stationary Sun. Plus, after the solstices the days either start becoming longer or shorter giving rise to the stoppage of seasonal daylight changes. The Sun’s direct rays will be positioned over the Tropic of Capricorn Sunday, which is approximately 23.5 degrees south of the equator.
With Fargo Moorhead located at nearly 47 degrees north latitude, the sun at solar noon Sunday will only be about 19.5 degrees above the southern horizon. This low sun angle causes the energy of the Sun to be spread over a much larger area than in the summer, attributing to the colder temperatures of winter.