sun

Summer Solstice

Monday, June 20,  at 5:34 pm marked the moment of the Summer Solstice of 2016.  It is the longest day of the year with 15 hours, 52 minutes, and 44 seconds of daylight based on an imaginary flat horizon.  Due to the oblique angle taken by the setting sun at this latitude, twilight will linger well…
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tornado

Most Dangerous Weather

What element of weather is the most dangerous?  The U.S. National Hazard Statistics, put out by the National Weather Service, show that over the past three decades, around 70 Americans die every year from tornadoes, about 81 per year die from flooding, but about 130 people per year die from heat waves. This is a…
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oranges

The Price Of Oranges

Orange juice is one of the many items getting more expensive these days.  There is an orange tree disease that has orange groves across southern Florida in distress.  Tropical Storm Colin dumped very heavy rain on the region in early June, further stressing the groves. California orange groves are doing fine despite the drought because…
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tambora

The “Year Without A Summer”

This year is the 200th anniversary of “The Year Without a Summer.”  No weather records exist for the Northern Plains from 1816, but records across New England and much of Europe indicate an extremely cold summer with numerous frosts, frequent snows in the Appalachians and Alps, and many days of miserably cold rain.  Crop failures…
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thermosphere

Thermosphere

The thermosphere is a layer high in the atmosphere known for extremely high temperatures and extremely low density.  From about 50 miles above the surface of Earth upwards to three to six hundred miles, what few air molecules exist are being bombarded by high-energy solar radiation which keeps these molecules highly agitated and so, by…
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